Python or Javascript, which is better for future

Javascript or Python, which is better for the future?

Choosing between JavaScript and Python for the future comes down to looking at their strengths, weaknesses, and how well they fit your project needs and team skills.

When you compare them, both languages have their good points. Python wins out in versatility, huge libraries, support for different programming styles, and crazy growth for data science. Consequently, it is an excellent choice for long-term use across a wide range of applications.

However, JavaScript is still totally ruling as the primary language for web development thanks to its asynchronous, event-based design. It’ll keep dominating client-side programming for sure.

Overall, Python seems more set up for the future with its momentum and flexibility, even though JavaScript still owns its web development niche.

This comparison highlights essential things to think about and the tradeoffs between the two languages. It sets the stage for why carefully picking between them matters big time for where your code, product, and team go in the future.

The key is evaluating your specific needs and use cases to decide which language fits best for prepping your systems and team for the road ahead. Both have their place, so weigh the pros and cons to determine the best fit.


JavaScript is excellent for front-end web development thanks to its flexibility, community, and web-focused tools. However, for things like general backend development, data analysis, and system programming, other languages like Python may work better or have more mature ecosystems.

There are three main reasons to use JavaScript: it’s everywhere on the web, it’s compatible with Node.js, and it’s fast, thanks to just-in-time compiling (JIT).


  1. Used everywhere on the web

Scripting languages, such as JavaScript, are widely used for web development and supported by all major web browsers.

  1. Asynchronous programming with Node.js

In Node.js, asynchronous code is used to make scalable and efficient server-side applications. JavaScript can handle multiple requests at once without blocking other code.

  1. Fast performance with Just-In-Time compilation

JavaScript engines like V8 in Chrome use Just-In-Time (JIT) compilation to optimize executing code at runtime, leading to improved speed. As a result, JavaScript runs almost as fast as compiled code.


  1. Limited outside of web environments

Despite JavaScript’s popularity as a web development language, its use in non-web applications or system programming is restricted. Because JavaScript focuses on client scripting, there are better languages for general programming.

  1. Single-threaded can cause issues

The problem with JavaScript is it runs only one task at a time. Especially for apps that do a lot of processing, this can be a problem. Because JavaScript runs one study at a time, long tasks can block other code and hurt performance. But things like asynchronous programming and web workers can make the app more responsive.

  1. The standard library is not as extensive as Python’s

It’s okay that JavaScript has a built-in library, but Python needs to be more comprehensive. Python has tons of modules for science, math, and other stuff. It’s hard to develop in JavaScript because it has fewer modules.

Observations for employers:

To create fast, interactive web interfaces and cutting-edge user experiences, look to hire JavaScript developers with front-end framework expertise and a firm grasp of modern JavaScript paradigms.


Python is a really versatile and readable programming language that’s gotten super popular for different uses. Let’s talk about its pros and cons.


  1. Versatile and readable

Aside from being simple and readable, Python supports different programming styles, including procedural, object-oriented, and functional. All kinds of apps can use Python because of this.

  1. Huge standard library

In Python, you get a comprehensive standard library brimming with modules and functions. By doing this, developers are able to code more quickly and efficiently. The standard library covers data, networking, and the web, making Python a good fit for a lot of tasks.

  1. Famous for data science and machine learning

With NumPy, Pandas, and TensorFlow, Python’s ecosystem of data science and machine learning libraries has become very popular. Python’s simplicity and community support have contributed to its popularity.


  1. Global Interpreter Lock limits concurrency.

A significant drawback of Python is the Global Interpreter Lock. The GIL ensures that only one thread runs Python code at a time, limiting parallelism and impacting overall performance. But it doesn’t affect lines doing I/O, like network requests.

  1. Slower execution than lower-level languages

As Python is an interpreted language, it’s slower than compiled languages like C/C++. While its simplicity and productivity make it a good choice for developers, its speed can limit performance in performance-critical applications.

  1. Historically, it has not been seen as suitable for front-end

Until recently, Python was not considered ideal for web development on the front end, but it’s becoming more popular thanks to frameworks like Django and Flask.

Observations for employers:

With data science and machine learning advancing so rapidly, it’s wise to hire Python developers who can build predictive analytics systems and leverage Python’s extensive libraries for numerical computing and data analysis.

Comparison factor : 

Syntax and readability

You can easily follow Python’s code structure thanks to its clean and simple syntax. It uses indentation to define code blocks, making it easy to read. JavaScript has a more complicated syntax with quirks that can confuse beginners. For code blocks, braces are used, which can cause errors if you don’t use them right. It’s also got semicolons, var/let/const, and type coercion.

Flexibility and versatility

There’s a lot you can do with JavaScript – client-side, server-side, mobile apps, desktop apps, games, etc. It’s got a lot of libraries like React, Angular, and Express. Python is also flexible and used for back-end, data science, AI, and automation. There are libraries like Django, Flask, NumPy, Pandas, and TensorFlow.

Performance and speed

Since JavaScript is compiled to optimized bytecode, it runs faster than Python. Python is interpreted at runtime, so it adds overhead. But performance is only sometimes the biggest deal – readability, maintainability, scalability, and productivity are too.

Popularity and demand:

In the industry, Python and JavaScript are both very popular and in demand. Based on the results of the Stack Overflow Developer Survey 2021, it is evident that JavaScript is the most commonly used programming language among developers, with 69.7% of them using it. Python comes next with 41.6%. Python also happens to be the most desired programming language among developers, with 30% of them preferring it over other languages, followed by JavaScript at 18%. Therefore, Python is the most popular language among developers, making it the language of choice for many.

Javascript or Python, which is easy; Learning curve: 

Python is often considered the most straightforward programming language for beginners due to its simple syntax, clear indentation rules, and extensive documentation. On the other hand, JavaScript can also be easy to learn, particularly when it comes to understanding its syntax, quirks, and features. It’s got a different type of system, scoping rules, and asynchronous behavior. You can learn both languages online with tutorials, courses, and resources.

Industry adoption:

Scripting languages such as JavaScript and Python are widely used in the software industry but for different things. JavaScript is the preferred language for front-end web development because it runs natively in browsers and enables the creation of dynamic and interactive web pages. For back-end web development, data analysis, machine learning, and scientific computing, Python is the more popular choice. Python has a vast array of third-party libraries and frameworks that extend its functionality, making it easier to work with various domains. According to the StackOverflow Developer Survey, JavaScript is the most commonly used programming language among developers worldwide, followed by Python and Java.

Community and ecosystem

A considerable developer community is constantly improving and improving both languages. They both have a massive ecosystem with tools, libraries, frameworks, and platforms. Modern web applications have access to a wide range of tools and frameworks. For server-side scripting with JavaScript, there is Node.js and popular front-end frameworks such as React, Angular, and Vue. Python, on the other hand, has numerous data science and machine learning libraries such as NumPy, pandas, SciPy, and TensorFlow, in addition to web frameworks like Django and Flask.

javascript vs. python salary

When it comes to average pay, JavaScript and Python developers make about the same.

JavaScript developers salary can expect to earn around $54,000 – $110,000 per year.  Python Developer’s salary is pretty close to $51,000 – $116,000 annually.

But these numbers are just estimates. Salaries can vary a lot depending on:

  • Location – You’ll make more in tech hubs like Silicon Valley.
  • Experience – Senior engineers make bank.
  • Industry – Tech companies and startups pay more.
  • Company size – Bigger companies equate to more enormous salaries.
  • Specific skills – Knowing specialized stuff like machine learning gives a boost.

Salary is one of many things to consider, though. Other essential factors are language demand, learning curve, community support, ecosystems, and what skills you want to learn.

For example, JavaScript is better if you want to specialize in front-end web dev. Python offers more data science and back-end opportunities.

Looking at salary and other factors gives you a clearer picture for deciding between JavaScript and Python for your goals. The good news is both have strong demand and can lead to significant earning potential!

Important notice: 

When estimating your budget for a new project, it’s essential to research the average hourly cost of a website developer in your area.

Javascript or Python for beginners

If you’re just starting with programming, both JavaScript and Python are solid options to learn. 

They’re two of the most popular and in-demand languages out there.

Python is often recommended as a first language because its syntax is simple and readable, similar to everyday English. The focus on code readability makes it easier for beginners to pick up and start writing scripts and programs. Python has a gentle learning curve overall.

JavaScript has a steeper learning curve due to its asynchronous programming model, which can confuse beginners. It also has some quirky syntax and rules around things like semicolons and curly braces that can trip up newbies. But JavaScript runs practically everywhere on the web, so there’s a ton you can build and a huge community for support.

I’d recommend starting with Python if you want a smoother learning curve when it comes to coding. But if you want to dive right in and build interactive websites and web apps, JavaScript is the way to go. You really can’t go wrong learning either language as a beginner, though. Both teach core programming concepts and open up coding opportunities across many fields.

The most important thing is choosing a language you feel enthusiastic about learning and experimenting with. Code some “hello world” programs in Python and JavaScript to get a feel for them. Go with the one that excites you the most to start your programming journey!

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